Gibraltar Pound (GIP): What It is; Gibraltar Economy

Gibraltar Pound (GIP): What It is; Gibraltar Economy

When it comes to currencies, most people are familiar with major ones like the US Dollar, Euro, or British Pound. However, there are smaller currencies that play a significant role in their respective regions. One such currency is the Gibraltar Pound (GIP), which is the official currency of Gibraltar, a British Overseas Territory located on the southern coast of Spain. In this article, we will explore what the Gibraltar Pound is, its history, and its role in the Gibraltar economy.

What is the Gibraltar Pound?

The Gibraltar Pound (GIP) is the official currency of Gibraltar, alongside the British Pound (GBP). The currency is issued by the Government of Gibraltar and is pegged at a 1:1 exchange rate with the British Pound. This means that one Gibraltar Pound is equal to one British Pound, and both currencies are used interchangeably in Gibraltar.

The Gibraltar Pound is denoted by the symbol “£” and has the same value and purchasing power as the British Pound. It is divided into 100 pence, just like the British Pound. The coins and banknotes of both currencies are accepted in Gibraltar, making it a unique situation where two currencies are used simultaneously.

History of the Gibraltar Pound

The history of the Gibraltar Pound dates back to the 19th century when Gibraltar was a strategic naval base for the British Empire. In 1898, the Gibraltar Currency Notes Act was passed, allowing the Government of Gibraltar to issue its own currency. Initially, the currency was known as the Gibraltar Pound Sterling and was equivalent to the British Pound Sterling.

During World War II, Gibraltar faced a shortage of coins due to the evacuation of the civilian population. As a result, the Government of Gibraltar issued its own banknotes in 1934, which were denominated in Gibraltar Pounds. These banknotes were used alongside British coins until the supply of coins was restored after the war.

In 1988, the Currency Notes Act was repealed, and the Gibraltar Pound became the sole legal tender in Gibraltar. However, the currency remained pegged to the British Pound at a 1:1 exchange rate.

The Gibraltar Economy

Gibraltar has a unique economy that is heavily influenced by its strategic location and status as a British Overseas Territory. The economy is primarily based on four key sectors:

  • Financial Services: Gibraltar is known for its robust financial services sector, which includes banking, insurance, and investment management. The jurisdiction is attractive to international businesses due to its favorable tax regime and regulatory framework.
  • Tourism: Gibraltar attracts a significant number of tourists each year, thanks to its iconic landmark, the Rock of Gibraltar, and its rich history. The tourism industry contributes to the local economy through hotels, restaurants, and various tourist attractions.
  • Shipping: Gibraltar's strategic location at the entrance to the Mediterranean Sea makes it a vital shipping hub. The port of Gibraltar handles a substantial amount of maritime traffic, including bunkering services and ship repairs.
  • Online Gambling: Gibraltar is a popular destination for online gambling operators due to its well-regulated and reputable licensing regime. The online gambling industry contributes significantly to the local economy through licensing fees and employment opportunities.

These sectors, along with other smaller industries such as retail and construction, contribute to Gibraltar's overall economic growth and stability. The Gibraltar Pound plays a crucial role in facilitating economic activities within the territory.


The Gibraltar Pound (GIP) is the official currency of Gibraltar and is pegged at a 1:1 exchange rate with the British Pound. It has a rich history dating back to the 19th century and is used alongside the British Pound in Gibraltar. The Gibraltar economy relies on key sectors such as financial services, tourism, shipping, and online gambling. These sectors contribute to the overall economic growth and stability of Gibraltar. Understanding the Gibraltar Pound and its role in the economy provides valuable insights into the unique dynamics of this British Overseas Territory.

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